Prime 2 is designed to focus on certain groups of people who are particularly vulnerable to nutritional deficiencies as they may have increased requirements or restricted dietary intakes:
- Adolescents: Adolescents have increased nutritional requirements during the rapid growth phases, as well as to maintain physical activity. Prime2 will provide this requirement.
- Chronically ill: Requirements for many nutrients are increased during illnesses due to altered metabolism and possibly restricted nutritional intake.
- People on chronic medication: Many medicines interfere with the metabolism of a variety of nutrients. Examples include pain killers, antibiotics, laxatives, diuretics, anti-inflammatory medicines, oral contraceptives, cholesterol lowering medicines, antidepressants, medication for high blood pressure, asthma, epilepsy, TB and AIDS.
- Vegans (strict vegetarians): Strict vegetarians may be at risk of developing deficiencies in certain nutrients, including iron and Vitamin B12, as these nutrients are found in concentrated, bio-available concentrations in animal foods.
- Food allergies or intolerances: Dietary restrictions due to food allergies or intolerances, such as lactose (dairy) intolerance or wheat sensitivities, may result in insufficient intake of essential nutrients.
- Elderly: The use of chronic medication, restricted dietary intake and decreased absorption of nutrients from foods, resulting from changes in the digestive systems, put the elderly at risk of nutritional deficiencies.
- Alcohol Dependent People: The following 3 factors increase nutritional requirements of this group:
- alcohol interferes with the absorption of certain nutrients
- alcohol metabolism in the liver utilises essential nutrients
- Alcohol dependent people typically do not consume healthy balanced meals on a daily basis.